Friday, 25 December 2009


'Father Christmas' (or 'Santa Claus') has become the human face of Christmas. Pictures will be seen everywhere of the old man with long white beard, red coat, and bag of toys. Children are taught that he brings them presents the night before Christmas (or in some countries on December 6th - St. Nicholas' Day), and many children up to the age of 7 or 8 really believe this is true. In most countries, it is said that he lives near the North Pole, and arrives through the sky on a sledge (snow-cart) pulled by reindeer. He comes into houses down the chimney at midnight and places presents for the children in socks or bags by their beds or in front of the family Christmas tree.

Who was he?

Father Christmas is based on a real person, St. Nicholas, which explains his other name 'Santa Claus' which comes from the Dutch 'Sinterklaas'. Nicholas was a Christian leader from Myra (in modern-day Turkey) in the 4th century AD. He was very shy, and wanted to give money to poor people without them knowing about it. It is said that one day, he climbed the roof of a house and dropped a purse of money down the chimney. It landed in the stocking which a girl had put to dry by the fire! This may explain the belief that Father Christmas comes down the chimney and places gifts in children's stockings.

Boxing Day

In English-speaking countries, the day following Christmas Day is called 'Boxing Day'. This word comes from the custom which started in the Middle Ages around 800 years ago: churches would open their 'alms boxe' (boxes in which people had placed gifts of money) and distribute the contents to poor people in the neighbourhood on the day after Christmas. The tradition continues today - small gifts are often given to delivery workers such as postal staff and children who deliver newspapers.

Thursday, 10 December 2009

Class Diary


Today we have read a photocopy. The teacher has asked our about our last holiday. We spoke about movies, anecdotes and our last holiday. We had learnt vocabulary as foreigner, compulsory …
The teacher has said that we should speak more and we should do this text.
I have spoken about my holiday in Málaga and my friends about films and anecdotes.

Today the teacher has correct my homework. He has distributed other photocopies. We have read photocopies and have translated the vocabulary what we haven´t understood.
We have spoken about the farms and intensive farming.

Today we have watched a film. It´s funny and we laughted. The films is a boy who hasn´t got money, he splits up with his wife and he has got one son.
One day he bought a scratcher and he won a lot of money. He wants to help the people.

Last week the teacher didn´t go to class because he felt dizzy and he had a temperature.
Today we went to “informática” but the computers didn´t work properly We went to class and we were speaking about thing in our free times and leant a few vocabulary.

Today we have been in audiovisuals, we have watched a film. The film is good. It´s the man who wants to quit smoking, because he doesn´t want to die.
When the film ended we have spoken about the vocabulary.

Today we have gone to “informática”. It is a room with computers. We couldn´t use to computers because Internet went very slow. But the teacher put his screen for us to be able to see the news.

Today we have spoken about yesterday´s news. A woman Miller who won “The Novel Prize”. After that the teacher asked us about our holidays, places, good …And we have read “baby cakes”, at ale.

Today the teacher gave vocabulary we have watched a film and we have spoken about it´s vocabulary. The teacher said that we have to create a dialogue for the following days and we will have to pass. We will have to speak about our life, farms, Karma …

Today, we have shown the compositions that we have got to do. Two girls have performed theirs and they have spoken about traditional things in Spain. The teacher has said that we should look for the tickets to go to Dublin. We ´re very happy.
(The missing lessons have been dealing with history and we haven´t done nothing in special, because we have spoken about historical subjects. And one day we went down to the computers rooms.)

Yesterday, we did a listening and speaking. The teacher said that we will do a dialogue in paisand we will talk about a discussion, an argument, football, at a shop, buying a plane ticket …

Today, the teacher has put a song. We have listened to the music and had to understand it. The song is beautiful and relaxing.

Today, we have watched a film, it´s name is “My name is Earl”, it´s a very funny comedy. The teacher has also given out some vocabulary, for us don´t understand the dialogues.

by A. Y. A.

Thursday, 3 December 2009

Sahrawi independence activist Hunger Strike: Aminatou Haidar

Her Kafkaesque plight – which began when Ms Haidar refused to fill in the citizenship line of a customs form – has spurred an outpouring of support by Spanish artists and intellectuals such as film director Pedro Almodovar. They staged a concert outside Madrid at the weekend to pressure the Spanish government into doing more to help Ms Haidar return home.

Portuguese Nobel laureate Jose Saramago was expected to visit her at the airport yesterday. A representative from the Robert F Kennedy Centre for Justice and Human Rights in Washington, Marselha Goncalves Margerin, is also by her side. The RFK Centre awarded her its 2008 prize, for denouncing human rights abuses by the Moroccan government.

"I think Morocco miscalculated about the amount of support she has all over the world," Ms Goncalves Margerin said. But so far she has rejected offers of Spanish nationality, as well as political asylum in Spain. They are unacceptable, according to her lawyer, Ines Miranda, because they would make her "a foreigner in her own land".

"The Independent"

Tuesday, 1 December 2009

Sum 41 - With me

I don't want this moment to ever end
Where everything's nothing without you
I'll wait here forever just to, to see you smile
'Cause it's true, I am nothing without you

Through it all, I made my mistakes
I stumble and fall, but I mean these words

I want you to know
With everything I won't let this go, these words are my heart and soul
I'll hold on to this moment you know, 'cause I'll bleed my heart out to show
That I won't let go

Thoughts read unspoken, forever in doubt
Pieces of memories fall to the ground
I know what I didn't have so, I won't let this go
'Cause it's true, I am nothing without you

All the streets where I walked alone, with nowhere to go
have come to an end

I want you to know
With everything I won't let this go, these words are my heart and soul
I'll hold on to this moment you know, 'cause I'll bleed my heart out to show
And I won't let go

In front of your eyes, it falls from the skies
When you don't know what you're looking to find
In front of your eyes, it falls from the skies
When you just never know what you will find (what you will find)

I don't want this moment to ever end
Where everything's nothing without you

I want you to know
With everything I won't let this go, these words are my heart and soul
I'll hold on to this moment you know, 'cause I'll bleed my heart out to show
that I won't let go (I want you to know)
With everything I won't let this go, these words are my soul
I'll hold on to this moment you know, 'cause I'll bleed my heart out to show
that I won't let go


Thursday, 26 November 2009

Another song by The Clash

You are working with R.P. and Estuary versions of "Career Opportunities", by The Clash, in class.

Do you want more? What about a song dealing with the Spanish Civil War?


Spanish songs in Andalucia,
the shooting sites in the days of ’39.
Oh, please leave, the ventana open.
Federico Lorca is dead and gone:
bullet holes in the cemetery walls,
the black cars of the Guardia Civil.
Spanish bombs on the
Costa Brava
I’m flying on in a DC-10 tonight.

Chorus: Spanish bombs; yo te quiero infinito.
Yo te quiero, oh mi corazón.
Spanish bombs; yo te quiero infinito.
Yo te quiero, oh mi corazón.

Spanish weeks in my disco casino;
the freedom fighters died upon the hill.
They sang the red flag,
they wore the black one -
but after they died, it was Mockingbird Hill.
Back home, the buses went up in flashes,
the Irish tomb was drenched in blood.
Spanish bombs shatter the hotels.
My señorita’s rose was nipped in the bud.


The hillsides ring with “free the people” -
or can I hear the echo from the days of ’39
with trenches full of poets,
the ragged army, fixing bayonets to fight the other line?
Spanish bombs rock the province;
I’m hearing music from another time.
Spanish bombs on the
Costa Brava;
I’m flying in on a DC-10 tonight.

Spanish bombs; yo te quiero infinito.
Yo te quiero, oh mi corazón.
Spanish bombs; yo te quiero infinito.
Yo te quiero, oh mi corazón,
oh mi corazón,
oh mi corazón.

Spanish songs in Andalucia:
mandolina, oh mi corazón.
Spanish songs in Granada,
oh mi corazón.

In 2003, the album The Clash was ranked number 77 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The album was described as a "youthful ambition bursts through the Clash's debut, a machine-gun blast of songs about unemployment, race, and the Clash themselves." This magazine had ranked the Clash album “London Calling” as the best album of the 20th Century.

Wednesday, 25 November 2009

Ecological footprint

The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems comparing human demand with planet Earth's ecological capacity to regenerate.

It represents the amount of biologically productive land needed to regenerate the resources a human population consumes and to absorb their waste.

It is possible to estimate how much of the Earth (or how many planet Earths) it would take to support humanity if everybody lived a given lifestyle.

For 2005, humanity's total ecological footprint was estimated at 1.3 planet Earths!!!

Thursday, 19 November 2009

What is a webquest???

A webquest is an assignment which asks students to use the Web to learn about and/or synthesize their knowledge a specific topic.
It requires synthesis of the new knowledge by accomplishing a “task,” often to solve a hypothetical problem or address a real-world issue. The assignment can be given on paper.
A webquest assignment can also be given on the web itself. You can also present a webquest using some other multi-media software such as Powerpoint.
The quality of your webquest depends on the ideas!

You may also look at:

Wednesday, 18 November 2009

My name is Earl...

Set in fictional Camden County, the series stars Jason Lee, Ethan Suplee, Jaime Pressly, Eddie Steeples and Nadine Velazquez. Lee stars in the title role as Earl J. Hickey, a petty crook with occasional run-ins with the law, whose newly won $100,000 lottery ticket is lost when he is hit by a car. Lying in a hospital bed, under the influence of morphine, he develops a belief in the Americanized concept of karmic retribution when he hears about karma during an episode of Last Call with Carson Daly. He decides he wants to turn his life around, and so makes a list of every bad thing he's ever done in an attempt to correct them, as he believes that this is the only way he can gain positive karma. After doing his first good deed, he finds the $100,000 lottery ticket he had previously lost. He sees this as a sign and, with his new lucky money, he proceeds to cross items off the list, one by one, by doing good deeds in correspondence to the list items to atone for them...

What do you think about Earl?

Tuesday, 17 November 2009

As I Lay Dying "The sound of truth" New song

We have all heard what we wanted to hear
Truth that sounds right to our ears
We have all heard what we wanted to hear
Truth that sounds right to our ears

But what wisdom is there within us
To live based on the feeling of our hearts?
How many times has instinct let us down
Never to be thought through
Never to be questioned

Say what you really mean
When your ambition calls you, calls you
For what use is there in praying
If you will only hear what you want to hear?
We have all heard what we wanted to hear
Truth that sounds right to our ears

We speak of fighting to resist this world
But what about the battle within us?
If we have chosen to live against the grain
Then why are we all facing the same way?

There is no difference between us and them
If we all blindly seek truth from sentiments

We have all heard what we wanted to hear
Truth that sounds right to our ears

We have all heard what we wanted to hear
Truth that sounds right to our ears
We have all heard what we wanted to hear
Truth that sounds right to our ears!!

Their new single for all their fans

Within Temptation Song and Lyrics

Birds and butterflies
Rivers and mountains she creates
But you'll never know
The next move she'll make
You can try
But it is useless to ask why
Cannot control her
She goes her own way

She rules until the end of time
She gives and she takes
She rules until the end of time
She goes her way

With every breath
And all the choices that we make
We are only passing through on her way
I find my strength
Believing that their souls live on
Until the end of time
I'll carry them with me

she rules until the end of time
she gives and she takes
she rules until the end of time
she goes her way

Once you will know my dear
You dont have to fear
A new beginning
Always starts at the end
Once you will know my dear
You dont have to fear ...
Until the end of time x3
She goes her way

she rules until the end of time
she gives and she takes
she rules until the end of time
until the end of time
until the end of time
she goes her way.

Monday, 16 November 2009

La Residencia de Estudiantes

The Residencia de Estudiantes was founded in Madrid in 1910 by the Junta para Ampliación de Estudios. It became the first cultural center of Spain and until 1936 the Residencia remained a vibrant, fruitful hub for scientific and artistic work and exchange in Europe.

The Residencia and the Junta para Ampliación de Estudios were the product of the innovative ideas generated by the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, founded by Francisco Giner de los Ríos in 1876. It strongly encouraged the constant dialogue between Science and the Arts, welcome the avant-garde ideas from abroad, and became the focal point for spreading modernity in Spain.

Some of its residents were among the leading figures of Spanish culture in the twentieth century, such as the poet Federico García Lorca, the painter Salvador Dalí, the film maker Luis Buñuel, and the Nobel Prize winner, scientist Severo Ochoa.

Writers and artists such as Miguel de Unamuno, Alfonso Reyes, Manuel de Falla, Juan Ramón Jiménez, José Ortega y Gasset, Pedro Salinas, Blas Cabrera, Eugenio d´Ors and Rafael Alberti were frequent visitors and lodged at the Residencia during their stay in Madrid.

Thursday, 12 November 2009

Learning English pronounciation

English Group: Message in a bottle, by "The Police", lyrics:

Message in a bottle, by "The Police", lyrics:

Just a castaway, an island lost at sea, oh
Another lonely day, with no one here but me, oh
More loneliness than any man could bear
Rescue me before I fall into despair, oh

I'll send an S.O.S. to the world
I'll send an S.O.S. to the world
I hope that someone gets my
I hope that someone gets my
I hope that someone gets my
Message in a bottle,
Message in a bottle,

A year has passed since I wrote my note
But I should have known this right from the start
Only hope can keep me together
Love can mend your life but
Love can break your heart


Walked out this morning, don't believe what I saw
Hundred billion bottles washed up on the shore
Seems I'm not alone in being alone
Hundred billion castaways, looking for a home


Sending out at an S.O.S.
Sending out at an S.O.S...


Access to fire guns in the USA: "Bowling for Columbine"

The film title originates from the story that Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold – the two students responsible for the Columbine High School massacre – attended a school bowling class early that morning, at 6:00 a.m., before they committed the attacks at school starting at 11:19 a.m. Later investigation showed that this was based on mistaken recollections, and Glenn Moore of the Golden Police Department concluded that they were absent from school on the day of the attack.

Moore incorporates the concept of bowling in other ways as well. For example, a Michigan militia uses bowling pins for their target practice. When interviewing former classmates of the two boys, Moore notes that the students took a bowling class in place of physical education. Moore notes this might have very little educational value; the girls he interviews generally agree. They note how Harris and Klebold had a very introverted lifestyle and a very careless attitude towards the game, and that nobody thought twice about it. Moore asks if the school system is responding to the real needs of their students or if they are reinforcing fear. Moore also interviews two young residents of Oscoda, Michigan, in a local bowling alley, and learns that guns are relatively easy to come by in the small town. Eric Harris spent some of his early years in Oscoda while his father was serving in the U.S. Air Force.

Moore compares gun ownership and gun violence in foreign countries, with gun ownership and gun violence in the United States. Moore concludes that there is no connection between gun ownership and gun violence. In search of the reason for the United States’s trigger mania, Moore discovers a culture of fear created by the government and the media. He says that fear leads Americans to arm themselves, to gun making-companies' advantage Moore suggests sarcastically that bowling could have been just as responsible for the attacks on the school as Marilyn Manson or even Bill Clinton, who launched bombing attacks on several countries around that time...

Do you want to read more?:

Monday, 9 November 2009

Norther Ireland... Two Irelands????

Ireland has been divided administratively since 1922 when the Irish Free State was formed

Key events in Northern Ireland history:

12th century: First involvement by England in Irish affairs when the Earl of Pembroke, known as Strongbow, intervenes in a local dispute in Leinster in 1170 . King Henry II lands the following year.

English expansion continues and in 1177, Ulster is conquered by soldiers led by John de Courcy.

14th/15th centuries English expansion halted and then reversed. By the end of the period, English possessions are limited to a small area around Dublin. the 'Pale'. Everything outside is regarded as savage, giving rise to the expression 'beyond the pale'.

16th century First Henry VIII and then Elizabeth I take an increasing interest in Ireland. Colonisation increases again, sparking off several rebellions late in the century.

The greatest of the revolts, led by Ulsterman Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, reaches its high point with victory over the English at the Yellow Ford in 1598, but he is defeated three years later at Kinsale and surrenders.

17th century Start of the 'Plantation of Ulster' - the systematic colonisation of Donegal, Tyrone, Derry, Armagh, Cavan and Fermanagh by settlers from England and Scotland.

After Parliament's victory in the English civil war, Oliver Cromwell conquered the whole of Ireland and set about opening the island up to colonisation.

1690 Protestant King William of Orange's troops defeated the Catholic army of King James at the Battle of the Boyne to confirm his claim to the English throne and with it Ireland.

By the end of the 17th century, Ulster in particular was heavily settled, mainly by Scottish Presbyterians.

1912 Amid a growing home rule campaign, the Ulster Unionist leader, Sir Edward Carson, sets up the original Ulster Volunteer Force as a bulwark against Dublin's domination of the Protestant-majority 'six counties' in the north of Ireland. Carson is still regarded by many as the founder of the state of Northern Ireland.

1916 The Easter Rising. Pro-home rule Irish rebels seize the Post Office building in the centre of Dublin but are eventually ousted by British soldiers. Fifteen of the rebellion's leaders are executed. Carson's UVF, which had become a division of the British Army, fights in France and a thousand die at the Somme.

1921-22 The first Northern Ireland Parliament opens

After a long and bitter guerrilla campaign against the British Army, Ireland is granted partial home rule.
The Irish Free State is set up in the southern 26 counties of Ireland. Its architect, Michael Collins, is assassinated during the ensuing civil war between his Free State forces and the IRA, which refuses to accept the partition.
The war ends after the new Irish Government executes IRA leaders.

1939-45 Irish Republic remains neutral in World War II while Northern Ireland becomes an important Allied sea and air base.

1949 Ireland becomes a full republic and the British government gives new constitutional guarantees to the Northern Ireland Parliament at Stormont.

1952 The Official IRA calls off a series of attacks on Royal Ulster Constabulary police stations near the Irish border which cause few casualties and generated little publicity.

1956 The IRA launches a border campaign which leads to the introduction of internment of suspects without trial both in the Republic and in Northern Ireland.

1968 The civil rights movement begins the campain for equal rights in housing and voting for poorer Catholics. Protestants counter-demonstrate.

1969 March:The RUC is armed in border areas for the first time since 1965.

August: The province's Catholic minority welcomes British troops, sent to Northern Ireland in response to an upsurge in sectarian violence. The Provisional IRA (the 'Provos') breaks away from the Official IRA, which is criticised for failing to protect Catholic enclaves.

1970 August: The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) is formed to press for Catholic civil rights. By now the British Army is being seen as an army of occupation by many Catholics and several soldiers are shot dead by the IRA.

October: The former Irish Finance Minister, Charles Haughey, is found not guilty of illegally importing arms. It was alleged he planned to send the weapons across the border to arm nationalists. Mr Haughey, later to become Prime Minister of the Republic, becomes a hate figure for Unionists in Northern Ireland.

1971 February: First soldier shot dead in Northern Ireland since troops arrived in August 1969.

August: Internment without trial is introduced. Hundreds of suspected extremists, including the present Sinn Fein President, Gerry Adams, are rounded up and detained over the next four years.

December: 15 people are killed in an attack on a Belfast pub. The Ulster Volunteer Force claims responsibility.

1972 Thirteen catholics were shot dead by British troop on 'Bloody Sunday'
January: 'Bloody Sunday': Thirteen Catholic protesters die after being shot by troops from the 1st Battalion the Parachute Regiment following disturbances during a banned civil rights march in Londonderry.

March: Edward Heath's Conservative government imposes direct rule on the province, creating the post of Northern Ireland Secretary, and closes the Unionist-dominated Stormont Parliament in a concession to republicans. The Ulster Unionist Party breaks off formal links with the Conservative Party in protest.

The IRA declares a temporary ceasefire and several republican leaders, including Gerry Adams, are flown to London for secret talks with the Government, which come to nothing.

July: Nine people are killed when 22 bombs explode in Belfast. This became known as 'Bloody Friday'. The IRA was held responsible.

1974 January: The Government sets up a power-sharing executive, in which posts are handed out on a quota basis, in a bid to include Catholics in the decision-making process and end the much-resented Unionist domination.

May: In Dublin, 22 people are killed by car bombs which explode without warning. Five people are killed by a car bomb in Monaghan Town. Three more people die later from their injuries. Loyalist paramilitaries are thought to have carried out the attacks, although the UDA and the UVF deny they were involved.

Protestant workers all over Northern Ireland go on strike in protest at the power-sharing executive plus a proposed council of all Ireland. It promptly resigns and direct rule is reimposed.

October: Five people killed as IRA bomb wrecks a pub in Guildford, Surrey, frequented by soldiers. IRA attacks another pub also used by soldiers in Woolwich, south east London.

November: Twenty-one people killed by two IRA bombs planted in two pubs in Birmingham.

1975 October: In a series of UVF attacks, 12 people are killed and 46 people injured. The UVF is declared an illegal organisation.

November: A gang of loyalists, known as the Shankill Butchers, abduct and murder a Catholic reveller as he walks home through west Belfast.

December: Internment is lifted by the new Northern Ireland Secretary, Labour's Merlyn Rees.

1977 May: The Second Ulster (Protestant) Workers' Strike peters out.

1978 February: 12 people are killed and 23 injured in an IRA bomb attack on a hotel in County Down.

1979 Charles Haughey is elected Taoiseach of the Republic (Prime Minister).
Eleven members of the so-called 'Shankill Butchers', are given life sentences by a Belfast court for a series of sectarian murders.

March: Airey Neave, Conservative MP and shadow Northern Ireland Secretary, is killed by a bomb attached to his car in the House of Commons car park by the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), the military wing of the Irish Republican Socialist Party, an IRA splinter group.

August: Lord Mountbatten, last Viceroy of India and uncle of the Prince of Wales, is killed by an IRA bomb on his boat off the coast of County Donegal in the Irish Republic. On the same day an IRA bomb explodes under an Army bus at Warrenpoint, County Down. A second bomb goes off as the survivors clamber out of the bus and onto an Army helicopter.

Eighteen soldiers and one civilian die. It is the Army's biggest single setback since the IRA campaign began.

1981 Bobby Sands became a republican martyr in 1981
May: Bobby Sands dies in the Maze Prison after a prolonged hunger strike. He is the first of 10 IRA and INLA prisoners to starve to death. They were protesting, in vain, for the right to be considered prisoners of war rather than criminals.

1984 October: Five people are killed and 30 injured when an IRA bomb explodes at the Grand Hotel in Brighton during the Conservative Party conference. The Conservative Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, narrowly escapes death and the party Chairman, Norman Tebbit, is seriously injured.

1985 November: The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed by Mrs Thatcher and the Irish Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald, setting up a number of cross-border initiatives. It is opposed by many Ulster unionists. Thousands turn out in Belfast to cheer Reverend Ian Paisley's famous 'No Surrender' speech against the agreement.

1987 November: Eleven killed by an IRA bomb which explodes during a Remembrance Service in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.

1988 March: Three IRA members are shot dead by British special forces in Gibraltar, where they are allegedly planning an attack on the British garrison.

Nine days later, during their funeral, a lone loyalist gunman, Michael Stone, kills three mourners in a gun and grenade attack on the Milltown cemetery in west Belfast.

Four days later two soldiers in civilian clothes drive into the funeral cortege of one of the IRA men killed by Stone and are abducted, beaten, stripped and shot dead.

1989 September: Eleven army bandsmen are killed when a bomb explodes at the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent.

1990 July: Conservative MP Ian Gow, a strong supporter of the unionist cause, is murdered by an IRA bomb at his Sussex home.

1992 April: An IRA bomb outside the Baltic Exchange building in the City of London kills three.

1993 March: Two children, aged three and 12, are killed by an IRA bomb planted in a rubbish bin in the centre of Warrington, Cheshire.

October: Loyalist gunmen storm into the Rising Sun bar in Greysteel, County Londonderry shouting "trick or treat" and open fire on drinkers, killing six men and two women.

1994 July: Several people, including a man in his 80s are shot by loyalist gunmen as they watch the Ireland v Italy World Cup match on television in a pub in the predominantly Catholic village of Loughinisland, County Down.

August: IRA announces a complete cessation of violence.

October: cessation of loyalist hostilities announced by the Combined Loyalist Military Command.

1995 US President Bill Clinton shakes hands with Gerry Adams

December: President Clinton visits Northern Ireland and shakes hands with Gerry Adams.

1996 February: The IRA calls off its ceasefire and one hour later sets off a bomb at South Quay near Canary Wharf in London's Docklands which kills two, injures 100 and causes millions of pounds' worth of damage.

The Docklands bomb brought to an end the first IRA ceasefire
A few days later another bomb explodes prematurely on a bus in Aldwych, central London, killing eight people including the bomber.

June: A huge IRA bomb destroys Manchester's Arndale Centre but no-one is killed.

July: A march by Orangemen is blocked by the RUC at Drumcree, near Portadown, as it approaches the Catholic Garvaghy Road area. After a stand-off, the RUC then makes a U-turn and permits the march, sparking violent clashes between Catholics and the police in Portadown, Belfast and Londonderry.

A few days later 40 people are injured by a bomb at the Killyhevlin Hotel in Enniskillen. Responsibility is claimed by the extremist republican Continuity Army Council.

August: Northern Ireland Secretary Sir Patrick Mayhew bans loyalist Apprentice Boys from marching along contentious sections of Londonderry's city walls for the traditional Siege of Derry celebration. Loyalist leaders pull back from a confrontation with security forces.

October: An IRA bomb explodes at the Thiepval Barracks in Lisburn, killing a British soldier.

1997 February: Corporal Stephen Restorick is shot dead by an IRA sniper at a checkpoint in south Armagh.

April: IRA bomb hoaxers cause havoc on Britain's motorways, especially the M6 in Birmingham and the M1 in Northamptonshire.

July: IRA declares another ceasefire. UUP leader David Trimble meets Tony Blair in Downing Street. At a news conference afterwards, Mr Trimble announces that the Unionists are unhappy with the talks proposals and will not support the Government on the decommissioning vote. Ian Paisley meets Tony Blair and claims the talks process was 'dead in the water'. First Sinn Fein-Government meeting since the restoration of the IRA ceasefire.

August: Gerry Adams and Mo Mowlam (Northern Ireland Secretary) meet at Stormont for the first time since the ceasefire. Mo Mowlam announces that Sinn Fein will be admitted to the peace talks.

September: Sinn Fein affirms its commitment to the Mitchell principles of democracy and non violence but the Unionists remain unconvinced. These guidelines are named after the former American senator George Mitchell who chairs the political talks process. The six principles include the total disarmament of all paramilitary organisations and the end of the so-called punishment killings and beatings.

The deadlock is broken as the parties concerned strike a deal opening the way to peace talks.

October: For the first time in 25 years unionists, loyalists, nationalists and republicans sit together to seek a solution to Ulster's problems. Tony Blair shakes hands with Sinn Fein's Martin McGuinness and Gerry Adams. He becomes the first British Prime Minister for 70 years to meet a Sinn Fein delegation. Unionists react angrily.

The Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) withdraw from the Combined Loyalist Military Command, the umbrella group for loyalist paramilitary groups.

The Northern Ireland Secretery Mo Mowlam gives wider powers to the Northen Ireland Parades Commission. The intention is to halt or re-route flashpoint marches. Nationalist residents groups called for the disbandment of the commission.

December: Gerry Adams and Sinn Fein delegation meet Prime Minister Tony Blair at Number 10 Downing Street, he is the first Irish Republican leader to visit Downing Street since Michael Collins visited Lloyd George in 1921.

Londonderry experiences its worst violence since the restoration of the IRA ceasefire in July, when riots break out as nationalists protest at a Protestant Apprentice Boys parade through the city centre.

The Northern Ireland Secretary orders a full inquiry into how a republican prisoner managed to escape from the high-security Maze prison despite the recent tightening of security.

Billy Wright, one of Ulster's most feared loyalist paramilitaries, is shot dead at the top security Maze prison in Northern Ireland. His Loyalist Volunteer Force carry out a series of revenge shootings - one within 24 hours and another on New Year's Eve.

1998 January: The peace process is in danger of collapsing as loyalist prisoners in the Maze withdraw their support for the talks.

Mo Mowlam gambles on a historic face-to-face meeting with the prisoners inside the Maze. It works and the loyalist inmates announce renewed support for the peace process. Two days later another Catholic is murdered by LVF gunmen. The victim, Terry Enwright, is married to a niece of Gerry Adams.

After a period of violence in which a total of seven Catholics and two Protestants die, the loyalist Ulster Democratic Party leaves the peace talks when one of the groups to which it is linked, the Ulster Freedom Fighters, admits some of the killings.

February: Two men are killed and the IRA is blamed by RUC chief constable Ronnie Flanagan. As a result, Sinn Fein is suspended from the peace talks until March 9 despite arguing that it does not represent the IRA. Sinn Fein says it might not return to the table and insists on a meeting with Tony Blair.

The UDP is readmitted to the talks after its suspension is lifted.

Tourist info:

Friday, 6 November 2009

Differences between japanese and chinese

More info on the topic dealt in class:

Historically, the Kanji Writing System was taken into Japan from China, but as time the time went by, kanji writing has evolved into a part of the Japanese Writing System by using the borrowed ideograms to indicate pronunciation.

Japanese people use less Kanji characters comparing to Chinese people.

Even if you look at some of the Japanese culture, there are some adoption of cultural and religious materials from China too.
For instance, Chinese herbal medicine is quite popular in Japan.

So, are they DIFFERENT?

Many Western people may be thinking that Japanese Kanji and Chinese Kanji are exactly the same. They look very similar.
However, they are very different to Japanese kanji in structure.

Although the Japanese adapted Chinese characters into their langauge, they disregard the original meaning in Chinese.

Kanji,2 ways of reading:

Onyomi Reading
- It is Chinese Reading, and developed from the original Chinese pronunciation but as the time went by, the Japanese writing system has adopted and became a part of the Japanese language.
It is often used with the kanji compounds, and naming English names in Kanji.

Kunyomi Reading - It is Japanese Reading, and usually used with a single kanji character. For instance, if the following kanji is read, it is pronounced: "Ki" with Kunyomi Reading.

Do you want to read more?:

Body Language (6/XI/09)

If you want to go deeper into the topic dealt in class, please have a look a these pages:

They are quite interesting... check!!!


Thursday, 5 November 2009

4. Noelia describes Raquel

My friend´s name is Raquel, she is sixteen, she used to live in a village of Ciudad Real but she moved to Mejorada del Campo and here I met her. She lives with her parents and her brother. Her favourite food is spaguetti, she likes swimming and she loves going out with her friends.

She cooks well and she hates Heavy Metal music. She has a special place, and this place is her village (Argamasilla de Alba, C.R.) because her friends and her family live there. She is always smiling, that makes her special.

3. Paloma describes Alba

Alba is my oldest friend. I met her when I was three years old. She likes travelling. She loves getting to know new places.

For her, the most special place was London. We went there last year as an end of school trip. We were in a funny hotel, there were a lot of Spanish people..

She hates doing sport. She hates walking the dogs too.

She is good at telling stories. Her stories are very romantic, they sometimes make me feels sad.

She is special for me because she is the only truly friend, her humour sense is the best!

She watches a new film everyday... this is her hobby.

2. Cristina describes Patricia:

My friend Patricia is 18 years old. She lives in Mejorada del Campo with her parents and her brothers. She has got a dog, called Yanis.

She is tall and slim. Her eyes are brown. She has had a boyfriend for 3 years. His name is Alvaro. She likes eating paella with her boyfriend. She is good at cooking canelonni.

Her special place is New York, but she has never been there. Patricia is special because she is very happy!

1. Patricia describes Laura

My friend Laura, is 15 years old, she lives in Mejorada del Campo with her parents and her sister. She has got a bird called Sabi. She is tall and brown and her hair and eyes are brown.

Her favourite food is spaghetti and she in her free time she likes reading and sitting in front of her pc. She is good at drawing and painting pictures of her own. She hates washing the dishes and tiding her room. Her favourite place is Manzanares town.

Laura is a reserved person but when the rest of the people meet her, she changes a lot. Generally speaking, Laura is very close to her friends.


He likes playing videogames and he likes playing basketball too. He’s good at playing billard. He hates high school, his special place is the “local” and he’s special in smoking fast.

21. Alicia describes Patricia

My friend is Patricia. She is 18 years old, she has got brown, long and curly hair, she has got brown eyes and she is tall, slim and very beautiful. She lives in Mejorada del Campo, Madrid with her parents and her brothers. She has had a boyfriend for three years, his name is Álvaro.

She likes going to the cinema and she is going out with her friends, but she hates doing homework and studying.

Her favourite food is paella and she doesn’t like eating beans. She plays tennis every week because it’s her favourite sport, and she doesn’t mind playing football with her boyfriend. Her hobbies are painting, dancing and singing and she loves going out with her friends and her boyfriend.

Her special place is New York and because of that she would like to visit the city. Patricia is a special girl because she always helps you when you are in need.

20. Raquel describes Noelia

She is Noelia, she is 16, but she is very mature for her age, she lives in a flat in Mejorada del Campo, with her parents and her brother, she has had a boyfriend for almost 2 years, her favourite food is rice and she doesn´t mind what with: tomato, eggs... Her favourite sport is dancing, and she dances every week, her hobby is going out with her friends.

She is a very good dancer, she hates people who shout too much. Her special place is her village´s house because she was brought up there. She is special because she always thinks in positive, and she always knows how to make you smile.

17. Juan describes Claudio

My friend is the best football player in Madrid, I would like you to know this. Other hobbies, that he has, are: playing F1 video games, going out with his girlfriend and listening and composing hip hop and rap music. So, he is a very busy and interesting person.

He is very good in playing computer games, specially F1 , where he is racing in a online championship, in the GP2 cathegory. Next season, he is going to race in the F1 cathegory.

He doesn’t usually hate things, but if someone gets on his nerves he gets angry and he might hate everything. He would like to travel or visit all the F1 circuits, pecially Spa-Francochamp, Suzuka and Monaco. He is the most fanatic fan of F1 in the world!.

15. Laura describes Cristina

Her name is Cristina, she is 17 years old, and she has brown eyes. She lives with her parents and her brother, called Ivan. She goes to school everyday and I meet her in the Oral English class and Religion class. She has got a tortoise called Raffaello.

She has lived in Mejorada del Campo since she was born. Cristina likes going out with her boyfriend and she is good at cooking Spanish omelette but she has never invited me to have a try!

She hates people who are mean and her special place is Paris, and the thing which makes her special, is that she is a left handed person, but I think that she is special because she is very nice and she loves other people a lot.

14. Raúl describes Víctor

His name is Víctor. He is sixteen. He lives in a city in Madrid Province called Mejorada del Campo, with his parents and his brother, who is younger than him.

He is tall and thin, he has got brown eyes and short black hair and he is very nice and funny.

His favourite food is Spanish Omelet but he can´t cook it though he can cook spaghetti.

His likes playing football and he plays as a goalkeeper and his favourite team is Atlético de Madrid.

His hobby is going out with our friends and he goes out everyday, but when he has to study, he stays at home because he is a good student.

He is good at playing Playstation games and he always beats me.

He hates tiresome people and he dislikes lentejas (lentils).

His special place is his village (Granátula, C.R.) because he has a nice time when he goes there.

He is special because he has a snake, and he is good person and very close to our friends.

13. Claudio describes Juan

My friend is one of the best basketball player of the south-east of Madrid. He likes listening to dance music and going out with his friends and girlfriend a lot. He also likes creating webs.

He is good at a lot of sports because he usually goes to the gym. He likes studying too but he likes specially Maths. He is like a Romeo because he is a flirting person.

He hates football and hockey because they are a very hardcore sports. He would like to go to USA because there you can find the best basketball players in the world. They are playing in NBA. He is a very good basketball player and because of it, he is very special.


He likes playing basketball. I think that he`s good. He hates violence and getting up early, his special place is The United States of America. He`s special because he likes helping people.

10. Mariana describes Patricia

Her name is Patricia। She´s 16। She lives in Mejorada del Campo. She is studying in Miguel Delibes 1st of Bachillerato.

She likes listening to music. She listens to all kind of music but heavy-metal. She is good at high school. She hates playing football and she hates watching it on TV.

Her favourite place is Denia in Alicante. She likes going there because of the beach. She is special because she likes reading books about the past though she hates studying history.

11. Rubén describes Pablo

His name is Pablo, he is 16 years old, he lives in Mejorada del Campo. He likes watching funny films and he is very good at playing football. He hates studying.

His village is his favourite place. He is my best friend because he can listen to his people when they are worried.

7. Victor describes Raúl

7. Victor describes Raúl:

His name is Raúl. He is sixteen. He lives in Velilla de San Antonio, which is a town to the South of Madrid, with his parents and his little brother, but he comes to Mejorada del Campo some afternoons to meet our friends, he is very close to our friends.

Raul is tall, he has got brown eyes and short black hair. He is very funny and nice.

His favourite food is spaghetti and he likes cooking them too much.

He likes playing football and he is fan of Atletico de Madrid, just like me.

His hobbies are playing paddle and tennis, another of Raul’s hobbies are cars and motorbikes.

He is good at playing paddle because he plays it every Friday with his uncle.

He hates studying and doing homework.

His special place is Cádiz, because he went there last summer and he had a nice time.

He is special because he has a beautiful blue and black motorbike and he is extremely funny and nice.

6. ALBA dercribes PALOMA

I’ve known Paloma since I was 3 years old. First, we weren't friends, but when we were 9, we got to be very good friends. She is blond at the moment and she is tall too. She has always lived in Mejorada. Paloma likes eating chips and she loves dancing in the disco.

I always go with her to cinema to watch scary movies, she likes those films. Paloma hates running because it makes her feel tired, but she doesn't really get tired as quickly as me. She is good at painting, she painted such a powerful angel… and it was so beautiful!

Her special place is Alicante, where she goes on holidays, I went with her twice in Summer and it is great, there, we stayed with her grandmother, who makes great salads. She is special because she has got imagination and she is always happy and never sad. She is talkative and intelligent.

Monday, 2 November 2009

Do you want to read more?

What has this text to do with Gaiman's???

Think about it and give me your opinions!!!

A Modest Proposal for preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the public
by Jonathan Swift


It is a melancholy object to those, who walk through this great town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads and cabbin–doors crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags, and importuning every passenger for an alms. These mothers instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in stroling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants who, as they grow up, either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country, to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes.

I think it is agreed by all parties, that this prodigious number of children in the arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom, a very great additional grievance; and therefore whoever could find out a fair, cheap and easy method of making these children sound and useful members of the common–wealth, would deserve so well of the publick, as to have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation.

But my intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of professed beggars: it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age, who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them, as those who demand our charity in the streets.

As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years, upon this important subject, and maturely weighed the several schemes of our projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in their computation. It is true, a child just dropt from its dam, may be supported by her milk, for a solar year, with little other nourishment: at most not above the value of two shillings, which the mother may certainly get, or the value in scraps, by her lawful occupation of begging; and it is exactly at one year old that I propose to provide for them in such a manner, as, instead of being a charge upon their parents, or the parish, or wanting food and raiment for the rest of their lives, they shall, on the contrary, contribute to the feeding, and partly to the cloathing of many thousands.

There is likewise another great advantage in my scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of women murdering their bastard children, alas! too frequent among us, sacrificing the poor innocent babes, I doubt, more to avoid the expence than the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage and inhuman breast.

The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from which number I subtract thirty thousand couple, who are able to maintain their own children, (although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom) but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. I again subtract fifty thousand, for those women who miscarry, or whose children die by accident or disease within the year. There only remain an hundred and twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born. The question therefore is, How this number shall be reared, and provided for? which, as I have already said, under the present situation of affairs, is utterly impossible by all the methods hitherto proposed. For we can neither employ them in handicraft or agriculture; we neither build houses, (I mean in the country) nor cultivate land: they can very seldom pick up a livelihood by stealing till they arrive at six years old; except where they are of towardly parts, although I confess they learn the rudiments much earlier; during which time they can however be properly looked upon only as probationers: As I have been informed by a principal gentleman in the county of Cavan, who protested to me, that he never knew above one or two instances under the age of six, even in a part of the kingdom so renowned for the quickest proficiency in that art.

I am assured by our merchants, that a boy or a girl before twelve years old, is no saleable commodity, and even when they come to this age, they will not yield above three pounds, or three pounds and half a crown at most, on the exchange; which cannot turn to account either to the parents or kingdom, the charge of nutriments and rags having been at least four times that value.

I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be liable to the least objection.

I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricasie, or a ragoust.

I do therefore humbly offer it to publick consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof only one fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle, or swine, and my reason is, that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore, one male will be sufficient to serve four females. That the remaining hundred thousand may, at a year old, be offered in sale to the persons of quality and fortune, through the kingdom, always advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month, so as to render them plump, and fat for a good table. A child will make two dishes at an entertainment for friends, and when the family dines alone, the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and seasoned with a little pepper or salt, will be very good boiled on the fourth day, especially in winter.

I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, encreaseth to 28 pounds.

I grant this food will be somewhat dear, and therefore very proper for landlords, who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best title to the children.

Infant’s flesh will be in season throughout the year, but more plentiful in March, and a little before and after; for we are told by a grave author, an eminent French physician, that fish being a prolifick dyet, there are more children born in Roman Catholick countries about nine months after Lent, the markets will be more glutted than usual, because the number of Popish infants, is at least three to one in this kingdom, and therefore it will have one other collateral advantage, by lessening the number of Papists among us.

I have already computed the charge of nursing a beggar’s child (in which list I reckon all cottagers, labourers, and four–fifths of the farmers) to be about two shillings per annum, rags included; and I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child, which, as I have said, will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat, when he hath only some particular friend, or his own family to dine with him. Thus the squire will learn to be a good landlord, and grow popular among his tenants, the mother will have eight shillings neat profit, and be fit for work till she produces another child.

Those who are more thrifty (as I must confess the times require) may flea the carcass; the skin of which, artificially dressed, will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots for fine gentlemen.

As to our City of Dublin, shambles may be appointed for this purpose, in the most convenient parts of it, and butchers we may be assured will not be wanting; although I rather recommend buying the children alive, and dressing them hot from the knife, as we do roasting pigs.

A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age, nor under twelve; so great a number of both sexes in every country being now ready to starve for want of work and service: And these to be disposed of by their parents if alive, or otherwise by their nearest relations. But with due deference to so excellent a friend, and so deserving a patriot, I cannot be altogether in his sentiments; for as to the males, my American acquaintance assured me from frequent experience, that their flesh was generally tough and lean, like that of our school–boys, by continual exercise, and their taste disagreeable, and to fatten them would not answer the charge. Then as to the females, it would, I think, with humble submission, be a loss to the publick, because they soon would become breeders themselves: And besides, it is not improbable that some scrupulous people might be apt to censure such a practice, (although indeed very unjustly) as a little bordering upon cruelty, which, I confess, hath always been with me the strongest objection against any project, how well soever intended.

But in order to justify my friend, he confessed, that this expedient was put into his head by the famous Salmanaazor, a native of the island Formosa, who came from thence to London, above twenty years ago, and in conversation told my friend, that in his country, when any young person happened to be put to death, the executioner sold the carcass to persons of quality, as a prime dainty; and that, in his time, the body of a plump girl of fifteen, who was crucified for an attempt to poison the Emperor, was sold to his imperial majesty’s prime minister of state, and other great mandarins of the court in joints from the gibbet, at four hundred crowns. Neither indeed can I deny, that if the same use were made of several plump young girls in this town, who without one single groat to their fortunes, cannot stir abroad without a chair, and appear at a play–house and assemblies in foreign fineries which they never will pay for; the kingdom would not be the worse.

Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about that vast number of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed; and I have been desired to employ my thoughts what course may be taken, to ease the nation of so grievous an incumbrance. But I am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well known, that they are every day dying, and rotting, by cold and famine, and filth, and vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the young labourers, they are now in almost as hopeful a condition. They cannot get work, and consequently pine away from want of nourishment, to a degree, that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labour, they have not strength to perform it, and thus the country and themselves are happily delivered from the evils to come.

I have too long digressed, and therefore shall return to my subject. I think the advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance.

For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of Papists, with whom we are yearly over–run, being the principal breeders of the nation, as well as our most dangerous enemies, and who stay at home on purpose with a design to deliver the kingdom to the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by the absence of so many good Protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country, than stay at home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate.

Secondly, The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to a distress, and help to pay their landlord’s rent, their corn and cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown.

Thirdly, Whereas the maintainance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a piece per annum, the nation’s stock will be thereby encreased fifty thousand pounds per annum, besides the profit of a new dish, introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom, who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among our selves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture.

Fourthly, The constant breeders, besides the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of the charge of maintaining them after the first year.

Fifthly, This food would likewise bring great custom to taverns, where the vintners will certainly be so prudent as to procure the best receipts for dressing it to perfection; and consequently have their houses frequented by all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating; and a skilful cook, who understands how to oblige his guests, will contrive to make it as expensive as they please.

Sixthly, This would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards, or enforced by laws and penalties. It would encrease the care and tenderness of mothers towards their children, when they were sure of a settlement for life to the poor babes, provided in some sort by the publick, to their annual profit instead of expence. We should soon see an honest emulation among the married women, which of them could bring the fattest child to the market. Men would become as fond of their wives, during the time of their pregnancy, as they are now of their mares in foal, their cows in calf, or sow when they are ready to farrow; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage.

Many other advantages might be enumerated. For instance, the addition of some thousand carcasses in our exportation of barrel’d beef: the propagation of swine’s flesh, and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by the great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; which are no way comparable in taste or magnificence to a well grown, fat yearly child, which roasted whole will make a considerable figure at a Lord Mayor’s feast, or any other publick entertainment. But this, and many others, I omit, being studious of brevity.

Supposing that one thousand families in this city, would be constant customers for infants flesh, besides others who might have it at merry meetings, particularly at weddings and christenings, I compute that Dublin would take off annually about twenty thousand carcasses; and the rest of the kingdom (where probably they will be sold somewhat cheaper) the remaining eighty thousand.

I can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and ‘twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo: Of quitting our animosities and factions, nor acting any longer like the Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop–keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.

Therefore I repeat, let no man talk to me of these and the like expedients, ‘till he hath at least some glympse of hope, that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice.

But, as to my self, having been wearied out for many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at length utterly despairing of success, I fortunately fell upon this proposal, which, as it is wholly new, so it hath something solid and real, of no expence and little trouble, full in our own power, and whereby we can incur no danger in disobliging England. For this kind of commodity will not bear exportation, and flesh being of too tender a consistence, to admit a long continuance in salt, although perhaps I could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole nation without it.

After all, I am not so violently bent upon my own opinion, as to reject any offer, proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual. But before something of that kind shall be advanced in contradiction to my scheme, and offering a better, I desire the author or authors will be pleased maturely to consider two points. First, As things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for a hundred thousand useless mouths and backs. And secondly, There being a round million of creatures in humane figure throughout this kingdom, whose whole subsistence put into a common stock, would leave them in debt two million of pounds sterling, adding those who are beggars by profession, to the bulk of farmers, cottagers and labourers, with their wives and children, who are beggars in effect; I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor cloaths to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of intailing the like, or greater miseries, upon their breed for ever.

I profess, in the sincerity of my heart, that I have not the least personal interest in endeavouring to promote this necessary work, having no other motive than the publick good of my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and giving some pleasure to the rich. I have no children, by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past child–bearing.



First published in 1729.
Baby cakes, the text, by Neil Gayman:

A few years back all of the animals went away.

We woke up one morning, and they just weren't there anymore. They didn't even leave us a note, or say goodbye. We never figured out quite where they'd gone.

We missed them.

Some of us thought that the world had ended, but it hadn't. There just weren't any more animals. No cats or rabbits, no dogs or whales, no fish in the seas, no birds in the skies.

We were all alone.

We didn't know what to do.

We wandered around lost, for a time, and then someone pointed out that just because we didn't have animals anymore, that was no reason to change our lives. No reason to change our diets or to cease testing products that might cause us harm.

After all, there were still babies.

Babies can't talk. They can hardly move. A baby is not a rational, thinking creature.

And we used them.

Some of them we ate. Baby flesh is tender and succulent.

We flayed their skin and decorated ourselves in it. Baby leather is soft and comfortable.

Some of them we tested.

We taped open their eyes, dripped detergents and shampoos in, a drop at a time.

We scarred them and scalded them. We burn them. We clamped them and planted electrodes into their brains. We grafted, and we froze and we irradiated.

The babies breathed our smoke, and the babies’ veins flowed with our medicines and drugs, until the stopped breathing or their blood ceased to flow.

It was hard, of course, but necessary.

No one could deny that.

With the Animals gone, what else could we do?

Some people complained, of course. But then, they always do.

And everything went back to normal.


Yesterday, all the babies were gone.

We don't know where they went. We didn't even see them go.

We don't know what we're going to do without them.

But we'll think of something. Humans are smart. It's what makes us superior to the animals and the babies.

We'll figure something out.

This is a nice version read aloud of the text we worked in class with, have a look and wander around other versions.

Can you tell the accent, is it American? British?


Friday, 30 October 2009


A man was pulled over for driving too fast, even though he thought he was driving just fine.

Officer: You were speeding.
Man: No, I wasn't.
Officer: Yes, you were. I'm giving you a ticket.
Man: But I wasn't speeding.
Officer: Tell that to the judge! (The officer gives man the ticket.)
Man: Would I get another ticket if I called you a jerk?
Officer: Yes, you would.
Man: What if I just thought that you were?
Officer: I can't give you a ticket for what you think.
Man: Fine, I think you're a jerk!

Thanks, Juan!

I have seen your work... Thanks a lot, on Monday we must tell Santiago to add it to the School's net!

Hope the rest of the students join in, I sent them an invitation!

Have a nice weekend,




Her name is Violeta। She is 17. She lives in Mejorada del Campo. She likes listening to music and dancing. I think that she is very good at dancing. She´s good at cooking, I hope that she invites me soon.

She hates people who lie, me too. Her favourite place is Paris, she thinks that it´s a beautiful place. I would like to go to Paris with her.

She´s special because she´s sincere. Her friends love her. I like her clothes. I met her last year at high school.

18. Violeta describes Mariana

18. Violeta describes Mariana

Her´s name is Mariana, she is 17 years old, she is very sweet. She comes from another country, Romania.

Now she lives in Mejorada del Campo, she is studying Science Bachillerato, she is a very good student.

She likes listening to music ,and going out with her friends. She is good at playing tennis. She gets good marks at sports.

She doesn´t like getting up in the morning she hates it ,and she also hates History.

Her special place is Romania because she was born there.

She is a special person because she likes helping people. She is a wonderful person.

19. Sofia describes Alba:

19. Sofia describes Alba:

Her name is Alba, she is 16 years old and she lives in Mejorada del Campo a village near Madrid .She likes painting and she is very good at it. The thing she hates most is cleaning her house. She’s been to London, so she remembers that city as a very special place for her. Her friends think of her that she’s very close to them, that makes her very special thought.

25. Alba describes Sofía:

25. Alba describes Sofía:

Her name is Sofía, she is eighteen years old .She lives in Mejorada.

She is tall and slim .She has got black and long hair .She is wearing a black T-shirt, jeans and black shoes.

She is good at English .Her favourite hobby is going shopping .She hates cleaning her house.

Her special place is her village in Romania.

She is special, that’s why her friends think she is funny.

16. Adrian describes David:

16. Adrian describes David:

His name is David, He has been my friend since we were kids. He had changed a lot. We aren´t best friends now but we are special friends...
He likes smoking now, me too, it's a vice. Since kid, he is good at drawing, I have got pictures created by him. He hates getting up early to go to High School.
Las Charcas it's a special place for him, because he always goes there when he has to think about anything.
He is special for me because he has known me since we were kids, and he knows many of my secrets.

5. David describes Alba:

5. David describes Alba:

Her name is Alba, she is sixteen years old, she likes dancing and she goes to Dance Lessons three times a week.
She is good at combing her hair, she wears a different hairstyle every day. She hates people who lie. Her special place is the Council because there, she is with her boyfriend and her friends. She is a very very loving person

8. Alba describes Adrian:

8. Alba describes Adrian:

His name is Adrian, he is sixteen years old. He lives in Mejorada del Campo, a village near San Fernando. He loves laughing and making other people happy. He is good at helping people when people need him. He hates people who lie to others and who lie to him. The Nations´ Park is his favorite place to stay, because when he was a child he spent a lot of time there।
He is a special person for me because he has something which makes him special. He helps me and the others when we need it .
He's a good boy and a good person.

11. Rubén describes Pablo:

11. Rubén describes Pablo:

His name is Pablo, he is 16 years old, he lives in Mejorada del Campo. He likes watching funny films and he is very good at playing football. He hates studying.

His village is his favourite place. He is my best friend because he can listen to his people when they are worried.

24. Pablo describes Rubén:

24. Pablo describes Rubén:

His name is Ruben, he’s 15 years old, he likes going out with his friends and he loves playing football and he’s good at playing console games.

The thing than he hates most is doing his homework even though he prefers staying in his room, it’s his favourite place. He is one of my best friends because he’s a teaser, but he is too crazy when we goes out with our friends.

22. Patricia describes Laura:

22. Patricia describes Laura:

My friend Laura, is 15 years old, she lives in Mejorada del Campo with her parents and her sister.

She has got a bird called Sabi.

She is tall and brown and her hair and eyes are brown.

Her favourite food is spaghetti and she in her free time she likes reading and sitting in front of her pc.

She is good at drawing and painting pictures of her own.

She hates washing the dishes and tiding her room.

Her favourite place is Manzanares town.

Laura is a reserved person but when the rest of the people meet her, she changes a lot.

Generally speaking, Laura is very close to her friends.

15. Laura describes Cristina:

15. Laura describes Cristina:

Her name is Cristina, she is 17 years old, and she has brown eyes. She lives with her parents and her brother, called Ivan.

She goes to school everyday and I meet her in the Oral English class and Religion class.

She has got a tortoise called Raffaello.

She has lived in Mejorada del Campo since she was born.

Cristina likes going out with her boyfriend and she is good at cooking Spanish omelette but she has never invited me to have a try!

She hates people who are mean and her special place is Paris, and the thing which makes her special, is that she is a left handed person, but I think that she is special because she is very nice and she loves other people a lot.

Cristina, I love you. ( L )

2. Cristina describes Patricia:

2. Cristina describes Patricia:

My friend Patricia is 18 years old. She lives in Mejorada del Campo with her parents and her brothers. She has got a dog, called Yanis.

She is tall and slim. Her eyes are brown. She has had a boyfriend for 3 years. His name is Alvaro.

She likes eating paella with her boyfriend.

She is good at cooking canelonni.

Her special place is New York, but she has never been there.

Patricia is special because she is very happy!

Thursday, 22 October 2009

Hola a todos


Hola a todos !!!! Para poder registrarse en el blog teneis que pinchar en acceder , abajo de seguidores. Si teneis algun problema podeis dejar un mensaje . Bye - Bye